Tina’s Three Proposals – 1

This weekend Tina wrote three “proposals” about our work. Here is the first one. It’s about the NT/T1/T2 controversy, which Dr. Krashen is looking at with a microscope this week. So is Dr. Mason looking at it. Both are very supportive of the points Tina is making in this and the next two posts on this subject:

I propose that in the classroom there is no pure NT, it is NT plus T2 (light targeting).  T2 is used to make the NT input comprehensible.  Pure NT may not even exist in real life.  We clarify meaning all the time.  Even in simple conversation with a native speaker child we use light targeting.

In an effort to control the dialogue, Terry has come up with terms that make T1 sound optimal.  She calls T1 “optimized” input.  Conveniently, that is also the name of her website/company.  She calls NT + T2 “naturalistic” input.  The terms need to be clarified.



1 thought on “Tina’s Three Proposals – 1”

  1. The terms absolutely need to be clarified. How is NT different than immersion? Can T2 include strategies other than circling? Does T2 include other ways to be comprehensible. Say for example using props, actors and artist pictures? During my 1 on 1 interviews, I used my hands to create new gestures on the spot, I also used a legal pad to draw up diagrams to find out more about my students such as who is in the family, pets, favorite foods, what they watch on Netflix etc… I don’t think I ever used circling, even lightly. If they didn’t get it then how is circling going to help? I established meaning then moved on because I feel that they can get better “lost” in the conversation. We need to trust that SLA is subconscious. My two cents/rant.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Search

Get The Latest Updates

Subscribe to Our Mailing List

No spam, notifications only about new products, updates.

Related Posts

CI and the Research (cont.)

Admins don’t actually read the research. They don’t have time. If or when they do read it, they do not really grasp it. How could

Research Question

I got a question: “Hi Ben, I am preparing some documents that support CI teaching to show my administrators. I looked through the blog and

We Have the Research

A teacher contacted me awhile back. She had been attacked about using CI from a team leader. I told her to get some research from

The Research

We don’t need any more research. In academia that would be a frivolous comment, but as a classroom teacher in languages I support it. Yes,



Subscribe to be a patron and get additional posts by Ben, along with live-streams, and monthly patron meetings!

Also each month, you will get a special coupon code to save 20% on any product once a month.

  • 20% coupon to anything in the store once a month
  • Access to monthly meetings with Ben
  • Access to exclusive Patreon posts by Ben
  • Access to livestreams by Ben