Negotiating Meaning

No comprehensible input class – especially one organized around unscripted, authentic communication – can succeed unless the students and the teacher are trained from the beginning of the year in the art of negotiating meaning.

In the same way that we don’t allow students to pick the character, if we are using the Invisibles/emergent targets approach to teaching using comprehensible input, so also do we not allow students to drive a story before it happens.  The process of creating a story is an unfolding process of negotiating meaning as a group. It happens quite often that a student will start rapidly sharing with us in English, sometimes right in the middle of class, their vision for the story. No blame. They are children.

In an extreme example of this phenomenon, once two of my students got together and wrote out a script for story, explaining to me that that was our story for the day. I had to explain that, like life, stories cannot be planned out too much or they will be boring. I explained that anything they wanted to see in the story had to come from their own good efforts at negotiating the facts of the story with me and the rest of the class during the story. I say that to my students all the time.

If a class wants a certain celebrity from the pop culture in a story, then they need to find the place in the French discussion to fit that celebrity in without using the L1 and knowing that it is not their story but our story. If they want their ideas in the story, they must learn to negotiate meaning with us as we narrate things along. To do otherwise is not a true conversation.  So, students are not allowed to wave their hands or blurt or squirm around in order to get their idea heard.

Indeed, the underlying principle of any classroom based on comprehensible input has to be that of negotiating meaning. That is what language is. One person, usually me, says something, and as soon as I say it, the class and I must work together to negotiate what I said, and then the class returns the ball to my court, even with such a simple response as a yes or no, and the story develops in a back and forth way like that.



1 thought on “Negotiating Meaning”

  1. Bull’s eye, Ben.

    Negotiation of meaning is the core practice in the CI class room.

    Negotiation of meaning can be in assessed using the Interpersonal/-active* Communication Skills (jGR/dGR) rubrics which were developed and revised in this community.

    Negotiation of meaning is the core of the 5 C’s. All of the C’s are based on Communication and communication is birthed in the cradle of the interpersonal mode. As students become more independent, they are able to get comprehensible input from the Interpretive mode (reading/ listening)

    *One of my school’s “Student Expectations” is Interactive Communication Skills, which, when we adapted it to emerging language learners, is simply a form of jGR. Interactive is so close to interpersonal in my mind that the rubric was already written here.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Search

Get The Latest Updates

Subscribe to Our Mailing List

No spam, notifications only about new products, updates.

Related Posts

CI and the Research (cont.)

Admins don’t actually read the research. They don’t have time. If or when they do read it, they do not really grasp it. How could

Research Question

I got a question: “Hi Ben, I am preparing some documents that support CI teaching to show my administrators. I looked through the blog and

We Have the Research

A teacher contacted me awhile back. She had been attacked about using CI from a team leader. I told her to get some research from

The Research

We don’t need any more research. In academia that would be a frivolous comment, but as a classroom teacher in languages I support it. Yes,



Subscribe to be a patron and get additional posts by Ben, along with live-streams, and monthly patron meetings!

Also each month, you will get a special coupon code to save 20% on any product once a month.

  • 20% coupon to anything in the store once a month
  • Access to monthly meetings with Ben
  • Access to exclusive Patreon posts by Ben
  • Access to livestreams by Ben